The New York Times Old Articles Can Be Exploited by XSS Attacks (Almost all Article Pages Before 2013 Are Affected)

 
 

binary_data_illustratio_450

 

Domain:
http://www.nytimes.com/

 

“The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company. It has won 114 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other news organization. The paper’s print version has the largest circulation of any metropolitan newspaper in the United States, and the second-largest circulation overall, behind The Wall Street Journal. It is ranked 39th in the world by circulation. Following industry trends, its weekday circulation has fallen to fewer than one million daily since 1990. Nicknamed for years as “The Gray Lady”, The New York Times is long regarded within the industry as a national “newspaper of record”. It is owned by The New York Times Company. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr., (whose family (Ochs-Sulzberger) has controlled the paper for five generations, since 1896), is both the paper’s publisher and the company’s chairman. Its international version, formerly the International Herald Tribune, is now called the International New York Times. The paper’s motto, “All the News That’s Fit to Print”, appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page.” (Wikipedia)

 

 

 

(1) Vulnerability Description:

The New York Times has a computer cyber security problem. Hacker can exploit its users by XSS bugs.

 

The code program flaw occurs at New York Times’s URLs. Nytimes (short for New York Times) uses part of the URLs to construct its pages. However, it seems that Nytimes does not filter the content used for the construction at all before 2013.

 

Based on Nytimes’s Design, Almost all URLs before 2013 are affected (All pages of articles). In fact, all article pages that contain “PRINT” button, “SINGLE PAGE” button, “Page *” button, “NEXT PAGE” button are affected.

 

Nytimes changed this mechanism since 2013. It decodes the URLs sent to its server. This makes the mechanism much safer now.

 

However, all URLs before 2013 are still using the old mechanism. This means almost all article pages before 2013 are still vulnerable to XSS attacks. I guess the reason Nytimes does not filter URLs before is cost. It costs too much (money & human capital) to change the database of all posted articles before.

 

 

nytimes_2010_xss

 

nytimes_2011_xss

 

 

 

 

Living POCs Codes:

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/12/sunday-review/big-datas-impact-in-the-world.html//’ “><img src=x onerror=prompt(/justqdjing/)>

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/09/travel/09where-to-go.html//’ “><img src=x onerror=prompt(/justqdjing/)>?pagewanted=all&_r=0

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/07/opinion/07brooks.html//’ “><img src=x onerror=prompt(/justqdjing/)>

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/06/technology/06stats.html//’ “><img src=x onerror=prompt(/justqdjing/)>

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/09/dining/091crex.html//’ “><img src=x onerror=prompt(/justqdjing/)>

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/14/opinion/lweb14brain.html//’ “><img src=x onerror=prompt(/justqdjing/)>

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Analysis:
Take the following link as an example,
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/12/sunday-review/big-datas-impact-in-the-world.html/“><vulnerabletoattack

 

It can see that for the page reflected, it contains the following codes. All of them are vulnerable.

 

<li class=”print”>

<a href=”/2012/02/12/sunday-review/big-datas-impact-in-the-world.html/”><vulnerabletoattack?pagewanted=print”>Print</testtesttest?pagewanted=print”></a>

</li>

 

<li class=”singlePage”>

<a href=”/2012/02/12/sunday-review/big-datas-impact-in-the-world.html/”><testtesttest?pagewanted=all”> Single Page</vulnerabletoattack?pagewanted=all”></a>

</li>

 

<li> <a onclick=”s_code_linktrack(‘Article-MultiPagePageNum2′);” title=”Page 2″ href=”/2012/02/12/sunday-review/big-datas-impact-in-the-world.html/”><vulnerabletoattack?pagewanted=2″>2</testtesttest?pagewanted=2″></a>

</li>

 

<li> <a onclick=”s_code_linktrack(‘Article-MultiPagePageNum3′);” title=”Page 3″ href=”/2012/02/12/sunday-review/big-datas-impact-in-the-world.html/”><vulnerabletoattack?pagewanted=3″>3</testtesttest?pagewanted=3″></a>

</li>

 

<a class=”next” onclick=”s_code_linktrack(‘Article-MultiPage-Next’);” title=”Next Page” href=”/2012/02/12/sunday-review/big-datas-impact-in-the-world.html/”><vulnerabletoattack?pagewanted=2″>Next Page »</testtesttest?pagewanted=2″></a>

 

 

 

 

(3) What is XSS?

Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of computer security vulnerability typically found in Web applications. XSS enables attackers to inject client-side script into Web pages viewed by other users. A cross-site scripting vulnerability may be used by attackers to bypass access controls such as the same origin policy.

 

“Hackers are constantly experimenting with a wide repertoire of hacking techniques to compromise websites and web applications and make off with a treasure trove of sensitive data including credit card numbers, social security numbers and even medical records. Cross-site Scripting (also known as XSS or CSS) is generally believed to be one of the most common application layer hacking techniques Cross-site Scripting allows an attacker to embed malicious JavaScript, VBScript, ActiveX, HTML, or Flash into a vulnerable dynamic page to fool the user, executing the script on his machine in order to gather data. The use of XSS might compromise private information, manipulate or steal cookies, create requests that can be mistaken for those of a valid user, or execute malicious code on the end-user systems. The data is usually formatted as a hyperlink containing malicious content and which is distributed over any possible means on the internet.” (Acunetix)

 

The vulnerability can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Firefox (34.0) in Ubuntu (14.04) and IE (9.0.15) in Windows 8.

 

 

 

Discover and Reporter:
Jing Wang, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)

 

 

 

 

More Details:
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2014/10/16/2
http://www.tetraph.com/blog/xss-vulnerability/new-york-times-xss
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1102
http://webcabinet.tumblr.com/post/121907302752/new-york-times-xss
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/xss-vulnerability/new-york-times-xss
https://progressive-comp.com/?l=full-disclosure&m=141343993908563&w=1
http://webtech.lofter.com/post/1cd3e0d3_6f57c56
http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/2346030512014101270479/
https://vulnerabilitypost.wordpress.com/2014/11/01/new-york-times-xss
http://lifegrey.tumblr.com/post/121912534859/tous-les-liens-vers-les-articles
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2014/10/new-york-times-design.html
https://mathfas.wordpress.com/2014/11/01/new-york-times-xss
http://computerobsess.blogspot.com/2014/10/new-york-times-design.html
http://whitehatview.tumblr.com/post/103788276286/urls-to-articles-xss
http://diebiyi.com/articles/security/xss-vulnerability/new-york-times-xss

 

 

 

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CXSecurity WLB-2015040034 6kbbs v8.0 Multiple CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery) Web Security Vulnerabilities

6kbbs_4

 

CXSecurity WLB-2015040034 6kbbs v8.0 Multiple CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery) Web Security Vulnerabilities

 

Exploit Title: 6kbbs Multiple CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery) Security Vulnerabilities

Vendor: 6kbbs

Product: 6kbbs

Vulnerable Versions: v7.1 v8.0

Tested Version: v7.1 v8.0

Advisory Publication: April 02, 2015

Latest Update: April 02, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) [CWE-352]

CVE Reference: *

CXSecurity Reference: WLB-2015040034

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 6.8 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 6.4

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized disclosure of information; Allows unauthorized modification; Allows disruption of service

Writer and Reporter: Jing Wang, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)

 

 

 

Suggestion Details:



(1) Vendor & Product Description:



Vendor:

6kbbs

 

Product & Vulnerable Versions:

6kbbs

v7.1

v8.0

 

Vendor URL & download:

6kbbs can be gain from here,

http://www.6kbbs.com/download.html

http://en.sourceforge.jp/projects/sfnet_buzhang/downloads/6kbbs.zip/

 

Product Introduction Overview:

“6kbbs V8.0 is a PHP + MySQL built using high-performance forum, has the code simple, easy to use, powerful, fast and so on. It is an excellent community forum program. The program is simple but not simple; fast, small; Interface generous and good scalability; functional and practical pursuing superior performance, good interface, the user’s preferred utility functions.”

“1, using XHTML + CSS architecture, so that the structure of the page, saving transmission static page code, but also easy to modify the interface, more in line with WEB standards; 2, the Forum adopted Cookies, Session, Application and other technical data cache on the forum, reducing access to the database to improve the performance of the Forum. Can carry more users simultaneously access; 3, the data points table function, reduce the burden on the amount of data when accessing the database; 4, support for multi-skin style switching function; 5, the use of RSS technology to support subscriptions forum posts, recent posts, user’s posts; 6, the display frame mode + tablet mode, the user can choose according to their own preferences to; 7. forum page optimization keyword search, so the forum more easily indexed by search engines; 8, extension, for our friends to provide a forum for a broad expansion of space services; 9, webmasters can add different top and bottom of the ad, depending on the layout; 10, post using HTML + UBB way the two editors, mutual conversion, compatible with each other; …”

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

6kbbs web application has a computer cyber security bug problem. It can be exploited by CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery) attacks. This may allow an attacker to trick the victim into clicking on the image to take advantage of the trust relationship between the authenticated victim and the application. Such an attack could trick the victim into creating files that may then be called via a separate CSRF attack or possibly other means, and executed in the context of their session with the application, without further prompting or verification.

Several 6kbbs products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. 6kbbs has patched some of them. Open Sourced Vulnerability Database (OSVDB) is an independent and open-sourced database. The goal of the project is to provide accurate, detailed, current, and unbiased technical information on security vulnerabilities. The project promotes greater, open collaboration between companies and individuals. It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to csrf vulnerabilities.

 

(2.1) The first code programming flaw occurs at “/portalchannel_ajax.php?” page with “&id” and &code” parameters in HTTP $POST.

(2.2) The second code programming flaw occurs at “/admin.php?” page with “&fileids” parameter in HTTP $POST.

 

 

 

 

Related Articles:
http://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2015040034
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/04/05/7
http://www.intelligentexploit.com/view-details.html?id=21071
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1819
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure@seclists.org/msg01902.html
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Apr/13
http://www.tetraph.com/security/csrf-vulnerability/6kbbs-v8-0-csrf
http://essayjeans.blog.163.com/blog/static/237173074201551435316925/
https://itinfotechnology.wordpress.com/2015/04/14/6kbbs-crsf/

http://frenchairing.blogspot.fr/2015/06/6kbbs-crsf.html
http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/234603051201551444917365/
http://diebiyi.com/articles/security/6kbbs-v8-0-csrf
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/04/6kbbs-v80-multiple-csrf-cross-site.html
https://hackertopic.wordpress.com/2015/04/02/6kbbs-v8-0-multiple-csrf
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/computer-web-security/6kbbs-v8-0-csrf

 

 

 

OSVDB 120807 NetCat CMS 3.12 HTML Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

netcat_4

 

OSVDB 120807 NetCat CMS 3.12 HTML Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

 

Exploit Title: NetCat CMS 3.12 /catalog/search.php? q Parameter HTML Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: NetCat CMS (Content Management System)

Vendor: NetCat

Vulnerable Versions: 3.12 3.0 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.1

Tested Version: 3.12

Advisory Publication: April 15, 2015

Latest Update: April 15, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Improper Input Validation [CWE-20]

CVE Reference: *

OSVDB Reference: 120807

CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism
Access Complexity: Medium
Authentication: Not required to exploit
Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Reporter: Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)

 

 

 



Advisory Details:



(1) Vendor & Product Description:


Vendor:

NetCat

 

Product & Vulnerable Version:

NetCat

3.12 3.0 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.1

 

Vendor URL & Download:

NetCat can be downloaded from here,

http://netcat.ru/

 

Product Introduction Overview:

NetCat.ru is russian local company. “NetCat designed to create an absolute majority of the types of sites: from simple “business card” with a minimum content to complex web-based systems, from corporate offices to online stores, libraries or media data – in other words, projects completely different directions and at any level of complexity. View examples of sites running on NetCat CMS can be in a special section.”

“Manage the site on the basis of NetCat can even inexperienced user, because it does not require knowledge of Internet technologies, programming and markup languages. NetCat constantly improving, adds new features. In the process of finalizing necessarily take into account the wishes of our partners and clients, as well as trends in Internet development. More than 2,000 studios and private web developers have chosen for their projects is NetCat, and in 2013 sites, successfully working on our CMS, created more than 18,000.”

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

NetCat web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by HTML Injection attacks. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) injection, also sometimes referred to as virtual defacement, is an attack on a user made possible by an injection vulnerability in a web application. When an application does not properly handle user supplied data, an attacker can supply valid HTML, typically via a parameter value, and inject their own content into the page. This attack is typically used in conjunction with some form of social engineering, as the attack is exploiting a code-based vulnerability and a user’s trust.

Several NetCat products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. NetCat has patched some of them. Web Security Watch is an aggregator of security reports coming from various sources. It aims to provide a single point of tracking for all publicly disclosed security issues that matter. “Its unique tagging system enables you to see a relevant set of tags associated with each security alert for a quick overview of the affected products. What’s more, you can now subscribe to an RSS feed containing the specific tags that you are interested in – you will then only receive alerts related to those tags.” It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to cyber security vulnerabilities.

 

(2.1) The programming code flaw occurs at “/catalog/search.php?” page with “&q” parameter.

 

 

 

 

Related Articles:
http://www.osvdb.org/show/osvdb/120807
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Apr/37
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/04/15/3
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1843
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01922.html
http://cxsecurity.com/search/author/DESC/AND/FIND/1/10/Wang+Jing/
https://progressive-comp.com/?l=full-disclosure&m=142907520526783&w=1
http://tetraph.com/security/html-injection/netcat-cms-3-12-html-injection/
http://whitehatpost.blog.163.com/blog/static/242232054201551434123334/
http://russiapost.blogspot.ru/2015/06/netcat-html-injection.html
https://inzeed.wordpress.com/2015/04/21/netcat-html-injection/
http://computerobsess.blogspot.com/2015/06/osvdb-120807.html
http://blog.163.com/greensun_2006/blog/static/11122112201551434045926/
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/computer-web-security/netcat-cms-3-12-html/
http://germancast.blogspot.de/2015/06/netcat-html-injection.html
http://diebiyi.com/articles/security/netcat-cms-3-12-html-injection/

 

 

 

FC2 fc2.com Online Website URLs XSS (cross site scripting) Vulnerabilities (All URLs Under Domain blog.fc2.com/tag)

fki_21

 
FC2 fc2.com Online Website URLs XSS (cross site scripting) Vulnerabilities (All URLs Under Domain blog.fc2.com/tag)

 

Domain:
blog.fc2.com/

“FC2 (founded July 20, 1999) is a popular Japanese blogging host, the third most popular video hosting service in Japan (after YouTube and Niconico), and a web hosting company headquartered in Las Vegas, Nevada. It is the sixth most popular website in Japan overall (as of January 2014). FC2 is an abbreviation of “Fantastic Kupi-Kupi (クピクピ)”. It is known to allow controversial adult content such as pornography and hate speech (unlike many of its competitors). The company uses rented office space for its headquarters which it shares with many other U.S.-based businesses. It also pays taxes in the United States. The physical servers are located in the United States. However, it is believed that the majority of the company and its users (including employees) are located within Japan” (Wikipedia)

 

The Alexa rank of fc2.com is 52 on February 18 2015. It is the toppest Japanese local website sevice.

 

 

fc2_blog_xss1

 

 

fc2_blog_xss2

 

 

 

(1) Vulnerability description:

FC2 has a computer cyber security bug problem. It is vulnerable to XSS attacks. Here is the description of XSS: “Hackers are constantly experimenting with a wide repertoire of hacking techniques to compromise websites and web applications and make off with a treasure trove of sensitive data including credit card numbers, social security numbers and even medical records. Cross-site Scripting (also known as XSS or CSS) is generally believed to be one of the most common application layer hacking techniques Cross-site Scripting allows an attacker to embed malicious JavaScript, VBScript, ActiveX, HTML, or Flash into a vulnerable dynamic page to fool the user, executing the script on his machine in order to gather data. The use of XSS might compromise private information, manipulate or steal cookies, create requests that can be mistaken for those of a valid user, or execute malicious code on the end-user systems. The data is usually formatted as a hyperlink containing malicious content and which is distributed over any possible means on the internet.” (Acunetix)

 

The programming code flaw occurs at fc2 URLs’ filenames . Fc2 only filter part of the filenames in the urls. Almost all urls are affected under domain blog.fc2.com/tag are affected. i.e.
http://blog.fc2.com/tag/drug/
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//アメリカ/
http://blog.fc2.com/tag/tag/翻訳
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//>レシピブログに参加中♪

 

The vulnerability can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Firefox (37.02) in Ubuntu (14.04) and IE (9.0.15) in Windows 7. The bugs found by using CSXDS.

 

POC Code:
http://blog.fc2.com/tag/drug//“><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//アメリカ//“><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>
http://blog.fc2.com/tag/tag/翻訳//“><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//>レシピブログに参加中//”><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>

 

 

 

Vulnerability Disclosure:
Those vulnerabilities were reported to rakuten-cert@rakuten.co.jp in 2014. No one replied. Until now, they are still unpatched.

 

 

Bug Discover:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing

 

 

=================================

 

 

FC2 fc2.comオンラインのウェブサイトのURL XSS(クロスサイトスクリプティング)脆弱性(ドメインblog.fc2.com/tag下にあるすべてのURL)

 

ドメイン:
blog.fc2.com/

“FC2(エフシーツー)は、アメリカ合衆国ネバダ州ラスベガスに本社を置く、Webサービスおよびホスティングサービスを展開する企業。日本を中心に事業展開を行なっている。社名のFC2は「ファンタスティック・クピ・クピ」の略であるとしている。 会社の代表者は、設立当初から2008年までは日本人の高橋理洋(CEO)が務めたが、2009年からMaurice Bannon、2012年にはLance Wolff Kerness、2014年はDEREK G ROWLEYが務めている。” (ja.wikipedia.org)

 

 

(1)脆弱性の説明:

FC2は、コンピュータのサイバーセキュリティバグの問題があります。これは、XSS攻撃に対して脆弱です。ここでXSSの説明は次のとおりです。「ハッカーは常にWebサイトやWebアプリケーションを侵害し、クレジットカード番号、社会保障番号、さらには医療記録などの機密データの宝庫でオフにする技術をハッキングの幅広いレパートリーで実験されている4クロス。サイトスクリプティングは、(また、XSSやCSSとして知られる)は、一般のVBScript、ActiveXの、HTML、またはFlashはに対して脆弱動的ページに、攻撃者が悪意のあるJavaScriptを埋め込むことができ、最も一般的なアプリケーション層ハッキング技術クロスサイトスクリプティングの一つであると考えられていますデータを収集するために、自分のマシン上でスクリプトを実行して、ユーザーをだます。XSSの使用が有効なユーザーの方に誤解されるか、または最後に悪質なコードを実行できる要求を作成し、操作したり、クッキーを盗む、個人情報を危険にさらす可能性があります-userシステムでは、データは通常、悪質なコンテンツを含むハイパーリンクとしてフォーマットされ、インターネット上の任意の可能な手段を介して配布されています。」 (会社のAcunetix)

 

プログラミングコードの欠陥は、FC2のURL」のファイル名で発生します。 FC2は、URLだけでファイル名の一部をフィルタリングします。ほぼすべてのURLが影響を受けますblog.fc2.com/tagドメインの下に影響を受けています。すなわちhttp://blog.fc2.com/tag/drug/
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//アメリカ/
http://blog.fc2.com/tag/tag/翻訳
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//>レシピブログに参加中♪

 

この脆弱性は、ユーザのログインなしで攻撃される可能性があります。試験は、Windows 7でのUbuntuでのFirefox(37.02)(14.04)およびIE(9.0.15)で行いました。

 

 

POCコード:
http://blog.fc2.com/tag/drug//“><img SRC = X onerror = alert( ‘justqdjing’)>
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//アメリカ// “> <IMG src = X onerror = alert( ‘justqdjing’)>
http://blog.fc2.com/tag/tag/翻訳// “> <IMG src = X onerror = alert( ‘justqdjing’)>
http://blog.fc2.com/tag//>レシピブログに参加中// “> <IMG src = X onerror =alert( ‘justqdjing’)>

 

 

 

脆弱性の公開:
これらの脆弱性は誰も答えていない2014年にrakuten-cert@rakuten.co.jpすることが報告されました。今までは、彼らはまだパッチを適用していないです。

 

 

バグを発見:
王ジン (Wang Jing)、数理科学研究部門(MAS)、物理的および数理科学科(SPMS)、南洋理工大学(NTU)、シンガポール。 (@justqdjing
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing

Rakuten Online Website Open Redirect (URL Redirection) Cyber Security Vulnerabilities

rakuten_jp_1

 

Rakuten Online Website Open Redirect (URL Redirection) Cyber Security Vulnerabilities

 

Domain:
rakuten.com




“Rakuten, Inc. (楽天株式会社 Rakuten Kabushiki-gaisha?) is a Japanese electronic commerce and Internet company based in Tokyo, Japan. Its B2B2C e-commerce platform Rakuten Ichiba is the largest e-commerce site in Japan and among the world’s largest by sales. Hiroshi Mikitani founded the company in February 1997 as MDM, Inc., and is still its chief executive. Rakuten Shopping Mall (楽天市場 Rakuten Ichiba?) started operations in May 1997. In June 1999, the company changed its name to Rakuten, Inc. The Japanese word rakuten means optimism. In 2012, the company’s revenues totaled US$4.6 billion with operating profits of about US$244 million. In June 2013, Rakuten, Inc. reported it had a total of 10,351 employees worldwide. In 2005, Rakuten started expanding outside Japan, mainly through acquisitions and joint ventures. Its acquisitions include Buy.com (now Rakuten.com Shopping in the US), Priceminister (France), Ikeda (now Rakuten Brasil), Tradoria (now Rakuten Deutschland), Play.com (UK), Wuaki.tv (Spain), and Kobo Inc. (Canada). The company has investments in Pinterest, Ozon.ru, AHA Life, and Daily Grommet.” (Wikipedia)

 

The Alexa rank of rakuten.co.jp is 64 on May 29 2015. It is the second toppest Japanese local sevice website.




(1) Vulnerability Description:

Rakuten online website has a computer cyber security bug problem. It can be exploited by Open Redirect (Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards) attacks. Here is the description of Open Redirect: “A web application accepts a user-controlled input that specifies a link to an external site, and uses that link in a Redirect. This simplifies phishing attacks. An http parameter may contain a URL value and could cause the web application to redirect the request to the specified URL. By modifying the URL value to a malicious site, an attacker may successfully launch a phishing scam and steal user credentials. Because the server name in the modified link is identical to the original site, phishing attempts have a more trustworthy appearance.” (From CWE)

 

The program code flaw can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Microsoft IE (9 9.0.8112.16421) of Windows 7, Mozilla Firefox (37.0.2) & Google Chromium 42.0.2311 (64-bit) of Ubuntu (14.04.2),Apple Safari 6.1.6 of Mac OS X v10.9 Mavericks.

 

Since know only a little Japanese, not sure whether Rakuten pays much attention to Open Redirect Vulnerabilities or not. These bugs were found by using URFDS.

 

 

 

(2) Use one of webpages for the following tests. The webpage address is “http://itinfotech.tumblr.com/“. Can suppose that this webpage is malicious.

 

Vulnerable URL 1:

POC Code:

 

Vulnerable URL 2:

POC Code:

 

Vulnerable URL 3:

POC Code:

 

 

Vulnerability Disclosure:

Those vulnerabilities are not patched now.

 

 

 

Bug Discover:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing

 

 

============

 

 

 

楽天オンラインサイトオープンリダイレクト(URLリダイレクション)サイバー·セキュリティの脆弱性

 

ドメイン:
rakuten.com




「楽天株式会社は、(楽天株式会社楽天株式会社-gaisha?)東京、日本に拠点を置く日本の電子商取引やインターネット企業です。そのB2B2Cの電子商取引プラットフォーム楽天市場は、日本最大の電子商取引サイトで、世界の中で販売による最大。三木谷浩史は、MDM、株式会社として1997年2月で会社を設立し、さらにその最高経営責任者(CEO)である。楽天ショッピングモール(楽天市場楽天市場?)1999年6月1997年5月で事業を開始し、同社は社名変更楽天株式会社に日本語ワード楽天楽観を意味している。2012年には、同社の売上高は、米国約US2.44億ドルの営業利益との46億ドルとなりました。2013年6月には、楽天株式会社は、それが世界中の10351名の従業員を有していたと報告した。で2005年、楽天は、主に買収や合弁事業を通じて、日本国外で拡大し始めた。その買収は、Buy.com(米国で今Rakuten.comショッピング)、Priceminister(フランス)、池田(現楽天ブラジル)、Tradoria(今楽天ドイツ)が挙げられます、Play.com(英国)、Wuaki.tv(スペイン)、およびコボ(カナダ)。同社はPinterest、Ozon.ru、AHA生活、毎日のグロメットで投資を行っている。」(ウィキペディア)

 

rakuten.co.jpのAlexaのランクは、第2 toppest日本の地方流通サービスのウェブサイトである5月29日2015年64あります。





(1)脆弱性の説明:

楽天のオンラインウェブサイトは、コンピュータのサイバーセキュリティバグの問題があります。それは、オープンリダイレクト(未検証のリダイレクトとフォワード)攻撃によって悪用される可能性があります。ここでオープンリダイレクトの説明は次のとおりです。「Webアプリケーションは外部サイトへのリンクを指定するユーザ制御入力を受け付け、リダイレクトでそのリンクを使用しています。これは、フィッシング攻撃を簡素化HTTPパラメータがURL値が含まれており、可能性があります。。指定されたURLに要求をリダイレクトするようにWebアプリケーションを引き起こす。悪質なサイトへのURLの値を変更することにより、攻撃者がフィッシング詐欺を起動し、ユーザーの資格情報を盗むことができる。変更されたリンク内のサーバー名が、元のサイトと同じであるため、フィッシングの試みは、より信頼性の高い外観を持っています。」 (CWEから)

 

プログラムコードの欠陥は、ユーザのログインなしで攻撃される可能性があります。テストは、Windows 7のMicrosoftのIE(9 9.0.8112.16421)で行われた、Mozilla Firefoxの(37.0.2)&グーグルクロム42.0.2311のUbuntuの(64ビット)(14.04.2)はMac OSのアップルのSafari 6.1.6 X v10.9マーベリックス。

 

楽天リダイレクトの脆弱性かどうかを開くために多くの注意を払っているかどうかわからない、少しだけ日本語を知っているので。

 




 

 

 

(2)以下の試験のためのWebページのいずれかを使用します。ウェブページアドレスは「http://itinfotech.tumblr.com/」です。このウェブページに悪意であるとすることができます。

 

脆弱URL 1:

POCコード:

 

脆弱URL 2:

POCコード:

 

脆弱URL 3:

POCコード:

 

 

脆弱性の公開:

これらの脆弱性は、現在パッチが適用されていません。

 

 

 

バグを発見:
王ジン (Wang Jing)、数理科学研究部門(MAS)、物理的および数理科学科(SPMS)、南洋理工大学(NTU)、シンガポール。 (@justqdjing
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing



CVE-2014-8753 Cit-e-Net Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

cit_e_net
 

CVE-2014-8753 Cit-e-Net Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

Exploit Title: Cit-e-Net Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: Cit-e-Access

Vendor: Cit-e-Net

Vulnerable Versions: Version 6

Tested Version: Version 6

Advisory Publication: February 12, 2015

Latest Update: June 01, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2014-8753

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Author: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 

 

Instruction Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description:




Vendor:

Cit-e-Net

 

 

Product & Version:

Cit-e-Access

Version 6

 

 

Vendor URL & Download:

Cit-e-Net can be downloaded from here,

 

 

Product Introduction:

“We are a premier provider of Internet-based solutions encompassing web site development and modular interactive e-government applications which bring local government, residents and community businesses together.

Cit-e-Net provides a suite of on-line interactive services to counties, municipalities, and other government agencies, that they in turn can offer to their constituents. The municipal government achieves a greater degree of efficiency and timeliness in conducting the daily operations of government, while residents receive improved and easier access to city hall through the on-line access to government services.


Our web-based applications can help your municipality to acheive its e-government goals. Type & click website content-management empowers the municipality to manage the website quickly and easily. Web page styles & formats are customizable by the municipality, and because the foundation is a database application, user security can be set for individual personnel and module applications. Our application modules can either be integrated into your existing municipal web site or implemented as a complete web site solution. It’s your choice! Please contact us at info@cit-e.net to view a demonstration of our municipal web site solution if you are an elected official or member of municipal management and your municipality is looking for a cost efficient method for enhancing & improving municipal services.


Interactive Applications

Online Service Requests

Online Tax Payments by ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Online Utility Payments by ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Online General-Payments by ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Submit Volunteer Resume’s Online for the municipality to match your skills with available openings.”

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

Cit-e-Access web application has a security bug problem. It can be exploited by XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several similar products 0Day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. Cit-i-Access has patched some of them. Open Sourced Vulnerability Database (OSVDB) is an independent and open-sourced database. The goal of the project is to provide accurate, detailed, current, and unbiased technical information on security vulnerabilities. The project promotes greater, open collaboration between companies and individuals. It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to important vulnerabilities.

 

 

(2.1) The first programming code flaw occurs at “/eventscalendar/index.cfm?” page with “&DID” parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.2) The second programming code flaw occurs at “/search/index.cfm?” page with “&keyword” parameter in HTTP POST.

(2.3) The third programming code flaw occurs at “/news/index.cfm” page with “&jump2” “&DID” parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.4) The fourth programming code flaw occurs at “eventscalendar?” page with “&TPID” parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.5) The fifth programming code flaw occurs at “/meetings/index.cfm?” page with “&DID” parameter in HTTP GET.

 

 

 

 

(3) Solutions:

Leave message to vendor. No response.
http://www.cit-e.net/contact.cfm

 

 

 

 

 

References:
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Feb/48
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/02/13/2
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1587
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01683.html
https://computerpitch.wordpress.com/2015/06/07/cve-2014-8753/
http://webtechhut.blogspot.com/2015/06/cve-2014-8753.html
https://www.facebook.com/websecuritiesnews/posts/804176613035844
https://twitter.com/tetraphibious/status/607381197077946368
http://biboying.lofter.com/post/1cc9f4f5_7356826
http://shellmantis.tumblr.com/post/120903342496/securitypost-cve-2014-8753
http://itprompt.blogspot.com/2015/06/cve-2014-8753.html
http://whitehatpost.blog.163.com/blog/static/24223205420155710559404/
https://plus.google.com/u/0/113115469311022848114/posts/FomMK9BGGx2
https://www.facebook.com/pcwebsecurities/posts/702290949916825
http://securitypost.tumblr.com/post/120903225352/cve-2014-8753-cit-e-net
http://webtech.lofter.com/post/1cd3e0d3_7355910
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/cves/cve-2014-8753/
http://diebiyi.com/articles/security/cve-2014-8753/

 

 

 

SITEFACT CMS XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

sitefact_xss2

 

SITEFACT CMS XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

 

Exploit Title: SITEFACT CMS content.php? &id Parameter XSS Security Vulnerabilities

Product: SITEFACT CMS (Content Management System)

Vendor: SITEFACT

Vulnerable Versions: version 2.01

Tested Version: version 2.01

Advisory Publication: May 24, 2015

Latest Update: May 24, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: *

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Writer and Reporter: Wang Jing [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 

 

 

Recommendation Details:

 

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

SITEFACT

 

Product & Vulnerable Versions:

SITEFACT

version 2.01

 

Vendor URL & Download:

Product can be obtained from here,

http://www.sitefact.de/index.cfm?resid=1&res=1024&sid=2&skt=2279

 

Google Dork:

“Powered by SITEFACT”

 

Product Introduction Overview:

“Publish . Your content without any prior knowledge on the Internet Numerous integrated tools are available . Images, documents and movies can be provided with a click. We present yourself individually and professionally to your CI and your wishes . About a layout interface design can change at any time , or of course your own layout to be integrated. Our content management system is designed for search engine indexing . You can easily book your website for search engines like Google , Bing , Yahoo , … optimize ..”

“By running his own web server , you do not need a provider and need to install anything . Updates are performed automatically and for free . All you need is a PC with Internet access. SITE FACT is a proprietary development of Arvenia GmbH . Therefore, we can always realize your individual wishes and integrate them into SITE FACT. If you need our assistance , please contact our free support. With personal contact and landline number during the entire runtime.”

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

SITEFACT web application has a computer cyber security bug problem. It can be exploited by XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. SITEFACT has patched some of them. The Full Disclosure mailing list is a public forum for detailed discussion of vulnerabilities and exploitation techniques, as well as tools, papers, news, and events of interest to the community. FD differs from other security lists in its open nature and support for researchers’ right to decide how to disclose their own discovered bugs. The full disclosure movement has been credited with forcing vendors to better secure their products and to publicly acknowledge and fix flaws rather than hide them. Vendor legal intimidation and censorship attempts are not tolerated here! It also publishes suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to XSS vulnerabilities and cyber intelligence recommendations.

 

(2.1) The first programming flaw occurs at “/index.cfm?” page with “&res” “&skt” “&pid” parameters.

 

(2.2) The second programming flaw occurs at login domain “/index.cfm?” page with “&sid” parameter.

 

 

 

 

 

References:

http://www.tetraph.com/security/xss-vulnerability/sitefact-cms-xss/

http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/05/sitefact-cms-xss.html

http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/computer-security/sitefact-cms-xss/

http://www.diebiyi.com/articles/security/sitefact-cms-xss/

https://itswift.wordpress.com/2015/05/24/sitefact-cms-xss/

https://www.facebook.com/pcwebsecurities/posts/695045367308050

https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg02031.html

http://computerobsess.blogspot.com/2015/05/sitefact-cms-xss.html

https://webtechwire.wordpress.com/2015/05/24/sitefact-cms-xss/

http://whitehatpost.blog.163.com/blog/static/242232054201542474057982/

http://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2015030073

http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Mar/2

https://www.facebook.com/tetraph/posts/1655170311369595

https://www.bugscan.net/#!/x/21256

http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.oss.general/16882

http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/05/08/7

http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1958