Godaddy Web Service Covert Redirect Security Bugs Based on Google.com

StudyShare_GoDaddy2

 

Godaddy Online Website Covert Redirect Web Security Bugs Based on Google.com

 

(1) Domain:
godaddy.com

 

 

“GoDaddy is a publicly traded Internet domain registrar and web hosting company. As of 2014, GoDaddy was said to have had more than 59 million domain names under management, making it the world’s largest ICANN-accredited registrar. It serves more than 12 million customers and employs more than 4,000 people. The company is known for its celebrity spokespeople, Super Bowl ads and as being an online provider for small businesses. In addition to a postseason college football bowl game, it sponsors NASCAR. It has been involved in several controversies related to security and privacy. In addition to domain registration and hosting, GoDaddy also sells e-business related software and services.” (Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Description:
Godaddy web application has a computer security problem. Hacker can exploit it by Covert Redirect cyber attacks.


The vulnerabilities can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Microsoft IE (10.0.9200.16750) of Windows 8, Mozilla Firefox (34.0) & Google Chromium 39.0.2171.65-0 ubuntu0.14.04.1.1064 (64-bit) of Ubuntu (14.04),Apple Safari 6.1.6 of Mac OS X Lion 10.7.

 

The vulnerability occurs at “redirect.aspx?” page with “&target” parameter, i.e.
http://img.godaddy.com/redirect.aspx?ci=1161&target=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com

 

 

 

(2.1) When a user is redirected from Godaddy to another site, Godaddy will check whether the redirected URL belongs to domains Godaddy’s whitelist, e.g.
google.com
apple.com

 

If this is true, the redirection will be allowed.

 

However, if the URLs in a redirected domain have open URL redirection vulnerabilities themselves, a user could be redirected from Godaddy to a vulnerable URL in that domain first and later be redirected from this vulnerable site to a malicious site. This is as if being redirected from Godaddy directly.

 

One of the vulnerable domain is,
google.com

 

 

 

(2.2) Use one of webpages for the following tests. The webpage address is “http://diebiyi.com/articles/“. Can suppose that this page is malicious.

 

Vulnerable URL:
http://img.godaddy.com/redirect.aspx?ci=1161&target=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.godaddy.com

 

POC:
http://img.godaddy.com/redirect.aspx?ci=1161&target=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2Faccounts%2FLogout%3Fservice%3Dwise%26continue%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fgoogleads.g.doubleclick.net%252Faclk%253Fsa%253DL%2526ai%253DCtHoIVxn3UvjLOYGKiAeelIHIBfLQnccEAAAQASAAUNTx5Pf4_____wFgvwWCARdjYS1wdWItMDQ2NjU4MjEwOTU2NjUzMsgBBOACAKgDAaoE5AFP0NHr5cHwFmWgKNs6HNTPVk7TWSV-CDHX83dKdGSWJ2ADoZNIxUHZwjAODRyDY_7nVtpuqSLOTef4xzVxDQ2U22MNbGak33Ur7i2jDB8LdYt9TbC3ifsXmklY5jl3Zpq4_lP7wagVfjt0–tNPPGTR96NGbxgPvfHMq9ZsTXpjhc_lPlnyGjlWzF8yn437iaxhGRwYLt_CymifLO2YaJPkCm9nLpONtUM-mstUSpKQrP2VjjaZkbDtuK0naLLBV37aYEY4TzWQi8fQGN47z4XgpinBCna91zQayZjn2wxccDCl0zgBAGgBhU%2526num%253D0%2526sig%253DAOD64_3Qi4qG3CRVHRI5AHSkSGuL7HJqSA%2526client%253Dca-pub-0466582109566532%2526adurl%253Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.tetraph.com%252Fcontact.html

 

 

 

Blog Detail:
http://tetraph.blogspot.com/2014/05/godaddy-covert-redirect-vulnerability.html



 

 

 

(3) What is Covert Redirect?
Covert Redirect is a class of security bugs disclosed in May 2014. It is an application that takes a parameter and redirects a user to the parameter value without sufficient validation. This often makes use of Open Redirect and XSS (Cross-site Scripting) vulnerabilities in third-party applications.

Covert Redirect is also related to single sign-on, such as OAuth and OpenID. Hacker may use it to steal users’ sensitive information. Almost all OAuth 2.0 and OpenID providers worldwide are affected. Covert Redirect can work together with CSRF (Cross-site Request Forgery) as well.

 

 

 

Discover and Reporter:
Jing Wang, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore.
(@justqdjing)
http://tetraph.com/wangjing/








Related Articles:
https://twitter.com/tetraphibious/status/559167679353720834
http://tetraph.com/security/covert-redirect/godaddy-covert-redirect-vulnerability-based-on-google/
http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/234603051201444111919171/
http://whitehatpost.lofter.com/post/1cc773c8_706b6bf
http://japanbroad.blogspot.jp/2015/06/godaddy-bug.html
http://securitypost.tumblr.com/post/119439859067/itinfotech-id-oauth
https://infoswift.wordpress.com/2014/07/02/godaddy-hack/
http://germancast.blogspot.de/2014/06/godaddy-exploit.html
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/covert-redirect/godaddy-covert-redirect-vulnerability-based-on-google/
https://mathfas.wordpress.com/2014/07/07/godaddy-hacking/

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Google Covert Redirect Web Security Bugs Based on Googleads.g.doubleclick.net

go

 

Bypass Google Open Redirect Filter Based on Googleads.g.doubleclick.net

— Google Covert Redirect Vulnerability Based on Googleads.g.doubleclick.net

 

 

 

(1) WebSite:
google.com

 

“Google is an American multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products. These include online advertising technologies, search, cloud computing, and software. Most of its profits are derived from AdWords, an online advertising service that places advertising near the list of search results.

 

The corporation has been estimated to run more than one million servers in data centers around the world (as of 2007). It processes over one billion search requests and about 24 petabytes of user-generated data each day (as of 2009). In December 2013, Alexa listed google.com as the most visited website in the world. Numerous Google sites in other languages figure in the top one hundred, as do several other Google-owned sites such as YouTube and Blogger. Its market dominance has led to prominent media coverage, including criticism of the company over issues such as search neutrality, copyright, censorship, and privacy.” (Wikipedia)

 

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Description:

Google web application has a computer cyber security problem. Hacker can exploit it by Covert Redirect attacks.

The vulnerability exists at “Logout?” page with “&continue” parameter, i.e.


The vulnerabilities can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Microsoft IE (10.0.9200.16750) of Windows 8, Mozilla Firefox (34.0) & Google Chromium 39.0.2171.65-0 ubuntu0.14.04.1.1064 (64-bit) of Ubuntu (14.04),Apple Safari 6.1.6 of Mac OS X Lion 10.7.

(2.1) When a user is redirected from Google to another site, Google will check whether the redirected URL belongs to domains in Google’s whitelist (The whitelist usually contains websites belong to Google), e.g.
docs.google.com
googleads.g.doubleclick.net

 

If this is true, the redirection will be allowed.

 

However, if the URLs in a redirected domain have open URL redirection vulnerabilities themselves, a user could be redirected from Google to a vulnerable URL in that domain first and later be redirected from this vulnerable site to a malicious site. This is as if being redirected from Google directly.

 

One of the vulnerable domain is,
googleads.g.doubleclick.net (Google’s Ad System)

 

 

 

(2.2) Use one webpage for the following tests. The webpage address is “http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope“. We can suppose that this webpage is malicious.

Blog Detail:
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2014/11/covert-redirect-vulnerability-based-on.html

 

 

 

 

 

(3) What is Covert Redirect?

Covert Redirect is a class of security bugs disclosed in May 2014. It is an application that takes a parameter and redirects a user to the parameter value without sufficient validation. This often makes use of Open Redirect and XSS vulnerabilities in third-party applications.

 

Covert Redirect is also related to single sign-on. It is known by its influence on OAuth and OpenID. Almost all OAuth 2.0 and OpenID providers worldwide are affected. Covert Redirect was found and dubbed by a Mathematics PhD student Wang Jing from School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.

 

After Covert Redirect was published, it is kept in some common databases such as SCIP, OSVDB, Bugtraq, and X-Force. Its scipID is 13185, while OSVDB reference number is 106567. Bugtraq ID: 67196. X-Force reference number is 93031.

 

 

Discover and Reporter:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://tetraph.com/wangjing/

 

 

 

 

More Details:
http://computerobsess.blogspot.com/2014/11/google-covert-redirect-vulnerability.html
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2014/Nov/29
http://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2014110106
http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/23460305120141145350181/
https://infoswift.wordpress.com/2014/05/25/google-web-security/
http://tetraph.tumblr.com/post/119490394042/securitypost#notes
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2014/11/covert-redirect-vulnerability-based-on.html
http://webtech.lofter.com/post/1cd3e0d3_706af10
https://twitter.com/tetraphibious/status/559165319575371776
http://tetraph.com/security/covert-redirect/google-based-on-googleads-g-doubleclick-net/
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/computer-security/google-covert-g-doubleclick-net/
https://hackertopic.wordpress.com/2014/05/25/google-web-security/

CVE-2014-8753 Cit-e-Net Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

cit_e_net
 

CVE-2014-8753 Cit-e-Net Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

Exploit Title: Cit-e-Net Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: Cit-e-Access

Vendor: Cit-e-Net

Vulnerable Versions: Version 6

Tested Version: Version 6

Advisory Publication: February 12, 2015

Latest Update: June 01, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2014-8753

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Author: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 

 

Instruction Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description:




Vendor:

Cit-e-Net

 

 

Product & Version:

Cit-e-Access

Version 6

 

 

Vendor URL & Download:

Cit-e-Net can be downloaded from here,

 

 

Product Introduction:

“We are a premier provider of Internet-based solutions encompassing web site development and modular interactive e-government applications which bring local government, residents and community businesses together.

Cit-e-Net provides a suite of on-line interactive services to counties, municipalities, and other government agencies, that they in turn can offer to their constituents. The municipal government achieves a greater degree of efficiency and timeliness in conducting the daily operations of government, while residents receive improved and easier access to city hall through the on-line access to government services.


Our web-based applications can help your municipality to acheive its e-government goals. Type & click website content-management empowers the municipality to manage the website quickly and easily. Web page styles & formats are customizable by the municipality, and because the foundation is a database application, user security can be set for individual personnel and module applications. Our application modules can either be integrated into your existing municipal web site or implemented as a complete web site solution. It’s your choice! Please contact us at info@cit-e.net to view a demonstration of our municipal web site solution if you are an elected official or member of municipal management and your municipality is looking for a cost efficient method for enhancing & improving municipal services.


Interactive Applications

Online Service Requests

Online Tax Payments by ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Online Utility Payments by ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Online General-Payments by ACH electronic-check or credit card.

Submit Volunteer Resume’s Online for the municipality to match your skills with available openings.”

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

Cit-e-Access web application has a security bug problem. It can be exploited by XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several similar products 0Day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. Cit-i-Access has patched some of them. Open Sourced Vulnerability Database (OSVDB) is an independent and open-sourced database. The goal of the project is to provide accurate, detailed, current, and unbiased technical information on security vulnerabilities. The project promotes greater, open collaboration between companies and individuals. It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to important vulnerabilities.

 

 

(2.1) The first programming code flaw occurs at “/eventscalendar/index.cfm?” page with “&DID” parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.2) The second programming code flaw occurs at “/search/index.cfm?” page with “&keyword” parameter in HTTP POST.

(2.3) The third programming code flaw occurs at “/news/index.cfm” page with “&jump2” “&DID” parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.4) The fourth programming code flaw occurs at “eventscalendar?” page with “&TPID” parameter in HTTP GET.

(2.5) The fifth programming code flaw occurs at “/meetings/index.cfm?” page with “&DID” parameter in HTTP GET.

 

 

 

 

(3) Solutions:

Leave message to vendor. No response.
http://www.cit-e.net/contact.cfm

 

 

 

 

 

References:
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Feb/48
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/02/13/2
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1587
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01683.html
https://computerpitch.wordpress.com/2015/06/07/cve-2014-8753/
http://webtechhut.blogspot.com/2015/06/cve-2014-8753.html
https://www.facebook.com/websecuritiesnews/posts/804176613035844
https://twitter.com/tetraphibious/status/607381197077946368
http://biboying.lofter.com/post/1cc9f4f5_7356826
http://shellmantis.tumblr.com/post/120903342496/securitypost-cve-2014-8753
http://itprompt.blogspot.com/2015/06/cve-2014-8753.html
http://whitehatpost.blog.163.com/blog/static/24223205420155710559404/
https://plus.google.com/u/0/113115469311022848114/posts/FomMK9BGGx2
https://www.facebook.com/pcwebsecurities/posts/702290949916825
http://securitypost.tumblr.com/post/120903225352/cve-2014-8753-cit-e-net
http://webtech.lofter.com/post/1cd3e0d3_7355910
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/cves/cve-2014-8753/
http://diebiyi.com/articles/security/cve-2014-8753/

 

 

 

CVE-2014-9468 InstantASP InstantForum.NET Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

cybernewsalerts

 

CVE-2014-9468 InstantASP InstantForum.NET Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

 

Exploit Title: InstantASP InstantForum.NET Multiple XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: InstantForum.NET

Vendor: InstantASP

Vulnerable Versions: v4.1.3   v4.1.1   v4.1.2   v4.0.0   v4.1.0   v3.4.0

Tested Version: v4.1.3   v4.1.1   v4.1.2

Advisory Publication: February 18, 2015

Latest Update: April 05, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2014-9468

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Reporter: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 
 
 
 

Preposition Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

InstantASP


 

Product & Version:

InstantForum.NET

v4.1.3   v4.1.1   v4.1.2   v4.0.0   v4.1.0   v3.4.0

 

Vendor URL & Download:

InstantForum.NET can be purchased from here,

http://docs.instantasp.co.uk/InstantForum/default.html?page=v413tov414guide.html

 

Product Introduction Overview:

“InstantForum.NET is a feature rich, ultra high performance ASP.NET & SQL Server discussion forum solution designed to meet the needs of the most demanding online communities or internal collaboration environments. Now in the forth generation, InstantForum.NET has been completely rewritten from the ground-up over several months to introduce some truly unique features & performance enhancements.”


“The new administrator control panel now offers the most comprehensive control panel available for any ASP.NET based forum today. Advanced security features such as role based permissions and our unique Permission Sets feature provides unparalleled configurable control over the content and features that are available to your users within the forum. Moderators can easily be assigned to specific forums with dedicated moderator privileges for each forum. Bulk moderation options ensure even the busiest forums can be managed effectively by your moderators.”


“The forums template driven skinning architecture offers complete customization support. Each skin can be customized to support a completely unique layout or visual appearance. A single central style sheet controls every aspect of a skins appearance. The use of unique HTML wrappers and ASP.NET 1.1 master pages ensures page designers can easily integrate an existing design around the forum. Skins, wrappers & master page templates can be applied globally to all forums or to any specific forum.”

 
 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

InstantForum.NET web application has a cyber security bug problem. It can be exploited by stored XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. InstantForum has patched some of them. BugScan is the first community-based scanner, experienced five code refactoring. It has redefined the concept of the scanner provides sources for the latest info-sec news, tools, and advisories. It also publishs suggestions, advisories, cyber intelligence, attack defense and solutions details related to important vulnerabilities.

 

(2.1) The first programming code flaw occurs at “&SessionID” parameter in “Join.aspx?” page.


(2.2) The second programming code flaw occurs at “&SessionID” parameter in “Logon.aspx?” page.

 
 
 
 

References:

https://tetraph.wordpress.com/2015/05/13/cve-2014-9468/

http://whitehatview.tumblr.com/post/118853357881/tetraph-cve-2014-9468-instantasp

CVE-2014-9469 vBulletin XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

computer2

 

CVE-2014-9469 vBulletin XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities
 

Exploit Title: vBulletin XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: vBulletin Forum

Vendor: vBulletin

Vulnerable Versions: 5.1.3 5.0.5 4.2.2 3.8.7 3.6.7 3.6.0 3.5.4

Tested Version: 5.1.3 4.2.2

Advisory Publication: February 12, 2015

Latest Update: February 26, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2014-9469

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Writer and Creditor: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 

 

Preposition Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

vBulletin

 

Product & Version:

vBulletin Forum

5.1.3 5.0.5 4.2.2 3.8.7 3.6.7 3.6.0 3.5.4

 
Vendor URL & Download:

vBulletin can be acquired from here,

 

Product Introduction Overview:

“vBulletin (vB) is a proprietary Internet forum software package developed by vBulletin Solutions, Inc., a division of Internet Brands. It is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database server.”

Since the initial release of the vBulletin forum product in 2000, there have been many changes and improvements. Below is a list of the major revisions and some of the changes they introduced. The current production version is 3.8.7, 4.2.2, and 5.1.3.

Simplified site set up and customization

The new Site Builder makes it easier than ever to build and manage a site. Customizable page templates, drag-and-drop configuration and in-line site editing simplify page layout. A variety of design themes can be easily selected.
Dynamic tools for content discovery

Customizable content modules provide enhanced content discovery, engaging users into deeper site visits. The vBulletin search has been re-architected to significantly improve the quality of its results, further facilitating content discovery.
Sleek new UI features activity stream and increased social engagement

Improved social functionality includes groups, new user profiles, comments functionality, an integrated messaging hub, social content curation, real-time updates and more.
Expanded photo and video capabilities

The new interface invites users to quickly post photos and video, expanding content on vBulletin sites. This media is then leveraged by being better integrated with the rest of a site’s content. User profiles provide an engaging aggregation of all media posted by them.
Category-leading mobile optimization

The integrated mobile-optimized version ensures smartphone visitors will stay longer and return.
Robust architecture

Improved architecture provides better performance and easier customization

Built-in SEO helps maximize search traffic

Easy-to-use upgrader tool available for vBulletin 3 and 4 sites, plus importer for sites on other forum software”

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

vBulletin web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. vBulletion has patched some of them. Gmane (pronounced “mane”) is an e-mail to news gateway. It allows users to access electronic mailing lists as if they were Usenet newsgroups, and also through a variety of web interfaces. Gmane is an archive; it never expires messages (unless explicitly requested by users). Gmane also supports importing list postings made prior to a list’s inclusion on the service. It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions related to important vulnerabilities.

(2.1) The programming code flaw occurs at “forum/help” page. Add “hash symbol” first. Then add script at the end of it.

 

 

 
 
 

References:

https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=880689078636904&id=825031907535955&__mref=message_bubble

http://shellmantis.tumblr.com/post/118777939056/lifegrey-cve-2014-9469-vbulletin-xss#notes

http://testingcode.lofter.com/post/1cd26eb9_6eec951

https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=661392814005834&id=594347777377005&__mref=message_bubble

http://tetraph.blogspot.com/2015/05/cve-2014-9469-vbulletin-xss-cross-site.html

https://vulnerabilitypost.wordpress.com/2015/05/12/cve-2014-9469-vbulletin-xss/

https://www.facebook.com/computersecurities/posts/375780759275383?
http://tetraph.lofter.com/post/1cc758e0_6eeac27

https://plus.google.com/102963385033389079817/posts/1ACxSMZYmCS

http://computerobsess.blogspot.com/2015/05/cve-2014-9469-vbulletin-xss-cross-site.html

https://twitter.com/justqdjing/status/598116948245807105

 

 

 

 

CVE-2015-1475 – My Little Forum Multiple XSS Web Security Vulnerabilities

computer-security-art

CVE-2015-1475  – My Little Forum Multiple XSS Web Security Vulnerabilities

Exploit Title: My Little Forum Multiple XSS Web Security Vulnerabilities

Vendor: My Little Forum

Product: My Little Forum

Vulnerable Versions: 2.3.3  2.2  1.7

Tested Version: 2.3.3  2.2  1.7

Advisory Publication: February 04, 2015

Latest Update: February 11, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2015-1475

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Credit: Jing Wang [School of Mathematical Sciences (001), University of Science and Technology of China (USTC)] (@justqdjing)


 
 
 

Recommendation Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description
 

Vendor:

My Little Forum
 

Product & Version:

My Little Forum

2.3.3

2.2

1.7

 
Vendor URL & Download:

http://mylittleforum.net/

 
Product Description:

“my little forum is a simple PHP and MySQL based internet forum that displays the messages in classical threaded view (tree structure). It is Open Source licensed under the GNU General Public License. The main claim of this web forum is simplicity. Furthermore it should be easy to install and run on a standard server configuration with PHP and MySQL.

Features

Usenet like threaded tree structure of the messages

Different views of the threads possible (classical, table, folded)

Categories and tags

BB codes and smilies

Image upload

Avatars

RSS Feeds

Template engine (Smarty)

Different methods of spam protection (can be combined: graphical/mathematical CAPTCHA, wordfilter, IP filter, Akismet, Bad-Behavior)

Localization: language files, time zone and UTF-8 support (see current version for already available languages)”


 
 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

My Little Forum  web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several similar products vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. My Little Forum has patched some of them. The MITRE Corporation is a not-for-profit company that operates multiple federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs), which provide innovative, practical solutions for some of our nation’s most critical challenges in defense and intelligence, aviation, civil systems, homeland security, the judiciary, healthcare, and cybersecurity. It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to XSS vulnerabilities.

(2.1) The first programming code flaw occurs at “forum.php?” page with “&page”, “&category” parameters.

(2.2) The second programming code flaw occurs at “board_entry.php?” page with “&page”, “&order” parameters.

(2.3) The third programming code flaw occurs at  “forum_entry.php” page with “&order”, “&page” parameters.


 
 
 

References:

http://tetraph.com/security/xss-vulnerability/my-little-forum-multiple-xss-security-vulnerabilities/

http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/02/my-little-forum-multiple-xss-security.html

http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Feb/15

https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01652.html

http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1553

http://packetstormsecurity.com/files/authors/11270

http://marc.info/?a=139222176300014&r=1&w=4

http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/02/03/2

http://essaybeans.blogspot.com/2015/05/cve-2015-1475-my-little-forum-multiple.html

http://www.osvdb.org/creditees/12822-wang-jing

https://infoswift.wordpress.com/2015/05/12/cve-2015-1475-my-little-forum-multiple-xss-web-security-vulnerabilities/

https://twitter.com/tetraphibious/status/597971919892185088

http://japanbroad.blogspot.jp/2015/05/cve-2015-1475-my-little-forum-multiple.html

https://www.facebook.com/tetraph/posts/1649600031926623

http://user.qzone.qq.com/2519094351/blog/1431403836

https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=460795864075109&id=405943696226993

https://plus.google.com/+wangfeiblackcookie/posts/Sj63XDPhH1j

http://essayjeans.blog.163.com/blog/static/2371730742015412037547/#

http://whitehatpost.lofter.com/post/1cc773c8_6ed5839

http://whitehatview.tumblr.com/post/118754859716/cve-2015-1475-my-little-forum-multiple-xss-web

 

Alibaba Taobao, AliExpress, Tmall, Online Electronic Shopping Website XSS & Open Redirect Security Vulnerabilities

aliexpress_1


Alibaba Taobao, AliExpress, Tmall, Online Electronic Shopping Website XSS & Open Redirect Security Vulnerabilities



Domains Basics:

Alibaba Taobao, AliExpress, Tmall are the top three online shopping websites belonging to Alibaba.





Vulnerability Discover:
Jing Wang, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore.
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing/




(1) Domains Descriptions:

“Taobao is a Chinese website for online shopping similar to eBay and Amazon that is operated in China by Alibaba Group.” (Wikipedia)

“With around 760 million product listings as of March 2013, Taobao Marketplace is one of the world’s top 10 most visited websites according to Alexa. For the year ended March 31, 2013, the combined gross merchandise volume (GMV) of Taobao Marketplace and Tmall.com exceeded 1 trillion yuan.” (Wikipedia)

Alexa ranking 9 at 10:40 am Thursday, 22 January 2015 (GMT+8).



“Launched in 2010, AliExpress.com is an online retail service made up of mostly small Chinese businesses offering products to international online buyers. It is the most visited e-commerce website in Russia” (Wikipedia)



“Taobao Mall, is a Chinese-language website for business-to-consumer (B2C) online retail, spun off from Taobao, operated in the People’s Republic of China by Alibaba Group. It is a platform for local Chinese and international businesses to sell brand name goods to consumers in mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan.” (Wikipedia)

 

 

(2) Vulnerability descriptions:

Alibaba Taobao AliExpress Tmall online electronic shopping website has a cyber security bug problem. It can be exploited by XSS and Covert Redirect attacks.

 

 

(3) Alibaba Taobao, AliExpress, Tmall, Online Electronic Shopping Website XSS

The vulnerability can be exploited without user login. Tests were performed on Firefox (34.0) in Ubuntu (14.04) and IE (8.0.7601) in Windows 7.

 

 

(3.1) Alibaba Taobao Online Electronic Shopping Website (Taobao.com ) XSS (cross site scripting) Security Vulnerability

The vulnerabilities occur at “writecookie.php?” page with “ck” parameter, e.g

POC Code:

http://www.taobao.com/go/rgn/tw/writecookie.php?ck=tw“–>’-alert(/justqdjing/ )-‘”;&redirect=0

POC Video:

Blog Details:




(3.2)Alibaba AliExpress Online Electronic Shopping Website (Aliexpress.com) XSS Security Vulnerabilities

The vulnerabilities occur at “landing.php?” page with “cateid” “fromapp” parameters, e.g

POC Code:

/’ “><img src=x onerror=prompt(/tetraph/)>

http://activities.aliexpress.com/mobile_325_promotion_landing.php?cateid=6</script>/’ “><img src=x onerror=prompt(/tetraph/)><!–&fromapp=

POC Video:

Blog Details:




(3.3) Alibaba Tmall Online Electronic Shopping Website (Tmall.com) XSS Security Vulnerability

The vulnerabilities occur at “writecookie.php?” page with “ck” parameter, e.g

POC Code:

http://www.tmall.com/go/app/sea/writecookie.php?ck=cn“–>’-alert(/tetraph/ )-‘”;&redirect=1

POC Video:

Blog Details:

 

This vulnerabilities were disclosed at Full Disclosure. “The Full Disclosure mailing list is a public forum for detailed discussion of vulnerabilities and exploitation techniques, as well as tools, papers, news, and events of interest to the community. FD differs from other security lists in its open nature and support for researchers’ right to decide how to disclose their own discovered bugs. The full disclosure movement has been credited with forcing vendors to better secure their products and to publicly acknowledge and fix flaws rather than hide them. Vendor legal intimidation and censorship attempts are not tolerated here!” All the fllowing web securities have been published here, Injection, Broken Authentication and Session Management, Cross-Site Scripting (XSS), Insecure Direct Object References, Security Misconfiguration, Sensitive Data Exposure, Missing Function Level Access Control, Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF), Using Components with Known Vulnerabilities, Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards.

 

 

(4) Alibaba Taobao(taobao.com)Covert Redirect Security Vulnerability Based on Apple.com



(4.1) Vulnerability description:

Alibaba Taobao has a security problem. It can be exploited by Covert Redirect attacks. Taobao will check whether the redirected URL belongs to domains in Taobao’s whitelist, e.g.

If this is true, the redirection will be allowed.

However, if the URLs in a redirected domain have open URL redirection vulnerabilities themselves, a user could be redirected from Taobao to a vulnerable URL in that domain first and later be redirected from this vulnerable site to a malicious site. This is as if being redirected from Taobao directly.

In fact, Apple.com was found can be exploited by Open Redirect vulnerabilities. Those vulnerabilities details will be published in the near future.



(4.2) The vulnerability occurs at “redirect.htm?” page, with parameter “&url”, i.e.

The vulnerabilities can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on IE (10.0) of Windows 8, Firefox (34.0) & Google Chromium 39.0.2171.65-0 ubuntu0.14.04.1.1064 (64-bit) of Ubuntu (14.04),Safari 6.1.6 of Mac OS X Lion 10.7.

 

 

(4.3) Use a website for the tests,the redirected webpage is “http://www.tetraph.com/blog“. Just suppose it is malicious.

Vulnerable URL:

POC Code:

Poc Video:

Blog Detail:

 

 

Those vulnerablities were reported to Alibaba in 2014 and have been patched by the security team (just checked). Name was listed in the hall of fame by Alibaba.
http://security.alibaba.com/people.htm?id=2048213134

 

 

 

 

https://www.facebook.com/websecuritiesnews/posts/802525526534286

https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=841091885926189&id=767438873291491

https://infoswift.wordpress.com/2015/01/27/alibaba-xss-open-redirect/

http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/2346030512015545132356/

 

 



========================================================







阿里巴巴 淘宝, 天猫, 全球苏卖通 线上电子购物网 跨站脚本攻击 (XSS) & 公开重定向 (Open Redirect) 安全漏洞

 

 

域名:

阿里巴巴 淘宝, 天猫, 全球苏卖通 线上电子购物网 是阿里巴巴集团最大的前三家网上购物电子商务网站.

 

 

(1) 漏洞描述:

阿里巴巴 淘宝, 天猫, 全球苏卖通 线上电子购物网 有一个安全问题. 它容易遭受 跨站脚本攻击 (XSS) & 公开重定向 (Open Redirect) 安全漏洞攻击.

漏洞不需要用户登录,测试是基于Windows 7 的 IE (8.0. 7601) 和 Ubuntu (14.04) 的 Firefox (34.0)。

 

 

(1.1) 阿里巴巴 淘宝 线上电子购物网 (Taobao.com) XSS (跨站脚本攻击) 安全漏洞

漏洞链接地点 “writecookie.php?”, 参数 “ck” e.g.

POC:

http://www.taobao.com/go/rgn/tw/writecookie.php?ck=tw“–>’-alert(/tetraph/ )-‘”;&redirect=0

 

 

(1.2) 阿里巴巴 全球速卖通 在线交易平台 (aliexpress.com) XSS (跨站脚本攻击) 安全漏洞

漏洞链接地点 “mobile_325_promotion_landing.php”, 参数 “cateid” 和 “fromapp” e.g.

POC:

/’ “><img src=x onerror=prompt(/tetraph/)>

http://activities.aliexpress.com/mobile_325_promotion_landing.php?cateid=6</script>/’ “><img src=x onerror=prompt(/tetraph/)><!–&fromapp=

 

 

(1.3) 阿里巴巴 天猫 线上电子购物网 (Tmall.com) XSS (跨站脚本攻击) 安全漏洞

漏洞链接地点 “writecookie.php?”, 参数 “ck” e.g.

POC:

http://www.tmall.com/go/app/sea/writecookie.php?ck=cn“–>’-alert(/tetraph/ )-‘”;&redirect=1

 

 

(2) 阿里巴巴淘宝线上电子购物网(taobao.com)Covert Redirect(隐蔽重定向跳转)安全漏洞基于 苹果网站

 

 

(2.1) 漏洞描述:

阿里巴巴 淘宝购物网 有一个安全问题. 它容易遭受 Covert Redirect (Open Redirect 公开重定向) 漏洞攻击. 所有 属于 Apple.com 的 链接都在白名单内。故而如果 苹果的 网站 本身有 公开重定向问题。那么受害者相当于首先被导向到 苹果官网然后 到 有害网站。 事实上苹果网站被发现有公开重定向问题,过段时间会公布细节。

有漏洞的文件是 “redirect.htm?”, 参数 “&url”, i.e.

这个漏洞不需要用户登录。测试是基于Windows 8 的 IE (10.0) 和 Ubuntu (14.04) 的 Firefox (34.0) 及 Google Chromium 39.0.2171.65-0 ubuntu0.14.04.1.1064 (64-bit),Mac OS X Lion 10.7 的 Safari 6.1.6。

 

 

(2.2) 用一个创建的网页进行测试,这个网页是“http://www.tetraph.com/blog“。可以假定这个页面是有害的。

漏洞网址:

POC 代码:

 

这些漏洞在2014年被报告给阿里巴巴安全应急中心,到今天已被修补 (刚刚检查), 名字被列在了白帽子名单感谢表里。
http://security.alibaba.com/people.htm?id=2048213134

 

漏洞发现者:
王晶, 数学科学系 (MAS), 物理与数学科学学院 (SPMS), 南洋理工大学 (NTU), 新加坡.
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing/